In Automation, Blog, Flow, Salesforce Lightning, Tips & Tricks

Guiding Users Dynamically with Lightning Path

In a previous post, I wrote about how you can use Flow and Dynamic Lightning Components. In that post, I mentioned Path as an alternative solution.

Salesforce Path, is Lightning Experience only feature. So if you’re still in classic, you may want to turn away, it’ll only make you jealous.

When you use Path, you choose a pick-list value. Each value then becomes a stepping stone along the path. With each stepping stone you can display fields or static text to help let your users know what they need to do at that step and how to progress to the next one. I consider using a path a requirement of using Lightning Experience. I even included it in my Salesforce World Tour presentation: top 5 tips for Launching Lightning Experience

This is amazing feature in Lightning, but it’s static. Let’s face it, users often need more guidance on their records.

Wnat to learn more about Path? Check out the Trailhead module.

Setup & Enable Path

Enable Salesforce Lightning Path

Enabling Path

First, we need to enable Path. You can find this option under User Interface and then Path, if you’re in Lightning Experience (And you’re using Lightning Experience aren’t you?). The easiest method is just using the Quick Find feature in Setup.

Next, we need to actually create a path for our chosen record. For our example today, I’m using Opportunities. When you create a path you need to provide the following:

  • Path Name: What is it called? Be descriptive. This is the equivalent to the field label.
  • API Reference Name: No spaces or special characters. It’s the equivalent to the field name
  • Object: Object you’re creating the Path for. You can select, Lead, Campaign, Contract, Order, Opportunity, and Custom Objects
  • Record Type: Very important if your object has record types
  • Picklist: The Picklist field on the object that will be the basis of your path
Setting up Path

Path Setup

Your picklist choice is important. The values of the picklist become the values within the Path. If you have lots of values in your Path it going to be… well fugly. Let’s face it, processes with more than 6-8 steps are better off being broken up into stages.

Salesforce Path lots of values

You will get arrows if your screen is more narrow. But this really is ugly

Next on the list to completing Path is to add fields and notes for each step along the path (each picklist value) we wish to provide some guidance on. Adding fields is very easy. You simply click “+Add/Update Fields” and move the fields available on the left, to the list of fields that will be displayed on the right.

The text area is static text that supports rich text. This is a great place for bullets and short instructions on what should be occuring

Field and text on Path

Adding Rich Text to a path step

Adding Fields to Path

Adding Fields

Which fields you choose is important. Fields that the user can edit will also be modifiable within the Path itself. This means important fields for this step that may be be buried in the details page can rise to the top, but only for this step. This provides a great short cut for users who are simply trying to work through a process.

Completed Path

Our Completed Path

Making Path Dynamic

Now that we have our Path, how do we make it Dynamic?

We only have 2 places where we can modify the data displayed for each path step.

  • Rich Text Area
  • Fields Displayed

The Rich Text area can provide some pretty options. We can add bullets, underlines, pretty much all your basic Rich-Text options.  Unfortunately, it’s static. We can’t insert anything into this area that we can have change depending upon the record itself.

That leaves us the Fields we display. There’s one field type that we can have the value change depending upon the details of the record. That’s a formula field.

Let’s say we have our company: Wizard Productions. In addition to providing a blog, podcast, and videos, they also sell Wizard merchandise (man this would be a good plug if I had anything ready to sell). There are four items a sales person must complete during the “Proposal/Price Quote” stage before progressing:

  • Products must be added
  • A quote must be added and Sync
  • Decision Maker must be involved
  • Client’s budget must be confirmed

To achieve this, I created a formula field as well as fields for the Sales person to indicate Budget and Decision Maker details. I also created a roll-up summary field on Quotes which count the number of sync quotes attached to the Opportunity.  My “Proposal Requirements” field is very simple: It looks like:

if(HasOpportunityLineItem,"","Add Products" +
if(Active_Quote__c>0,"","Add & Sync Quote" + BR())
if(Text(Decision_Maker_Involved__c)="Yes","","Involve Decision Maker" + BR())
if(Text(Has_Budget__c)="Yes","","Confirm Budget")

I add this field to my path. Now when a user views this step of the path, they see a list of things to complete which automatically updates.

Formula in Path

Formula displaying our Path

There we go! As a user completes items in the records and save, the formula updates, and therefore the data in the path updates.

Dynamic Pat

Dynamic Path


Which would I rather use? The Flow method with Dynamic Components? Or the Formula method within Path?

As of February 2018, Lightning doesn’t consistently reload all the components as if the page was totally refreshed. This was one of the issues I mentioned in the Flow & Dynamic Component post. So this method has certain benefits over the Flow.


  • Pretty much every admin can create a formula
  • Doesn’t require updating the Lightning Page (Unless Path isn’t already on it)
  • No need to mess around with dynamic components (Easier support)
  • Formulas always seem to update in Lightning. No page refresh required.
  • A very simple solution


  • No rich text option for formula fields. We used to be able to do bold and colors, but that doesn’t work anymore
  • Character Limits. A formula can only be so big. Path steps with lots of requirements of complicated requirements may have challenges
  • Creating multiple formula fields. Because of the character limit, in most scenarios, you’ll want to create a formula for each Path step
  • It’s not as cool. Ok, I’m biased on this one. But let’s face it. Flow is just so much cooler

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Showing 5 comments
  • Tamar Erlich

    Hi Brian,

    This is a very cool idea for adding instructions per stage. I have a suggestion on how to use this in classic, you can create one (or more) formulas per stage and enclose the entire condition in an IF statement that checks for the current stage and either shows the instructions text or a blank value. It will add to the formula length so may require multiple formulas per stage. Then just put all those formulas in a section on the page.


    • Brian Kwong


      Yep it’s a good suggestion. It’s something I regularly do for records that need to get approved and have specific entry criteria. The primary downside in classic is the field must ALWAYS be present. When you don’t need it, the field is there just blank or with text says “Nothing required.” It can become noise and clutter on the page. For users who are stuck in classic, it’s definitely an option. The plus side being that when you do move to Lightning (and we’re all moving to Lightning right?), you’ll have the fields already available to add to path.

  • Melissa

    HUGE fan of path here! I admin a non-profit organization, and I’ve made some pretty cool and unique Paths to help our staff learn how to more efficiently take care of our orders, new volunteer registrations, and field training.

  • Onkar

    Brian, how do I display different stages in opportunity (in path) based on the opportunity type? Like what we have as dependent picklist in Classic where the stage values can be controlled based on opportunity type. I’m actually trying to get the path on a custom object. Even if there’s a solution for opportunity type, pls let me knw and I’ll replicate it for the custom object.

    • Brian Kwong


      If by “type” you mean the field Opportunity Type – then you can’t. What you need to do is use Record Types. Record Types let you assign a different sales process (collection of stages) so you can have different stages. You can also create multiple paths defining 1 path per record type. This way even if you share the stage “Qualification” on both record types, you can have completely different things show up in the path.

      Hope this helps.

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